Cambodia

About 15,000 Cambodians die each year due to tobacco-related diseases, one-third of whom are from lower-income groups.[1]

Smoking Prevalence

The overall smoking rate in 2018 was estimated at 19.8%. Of this total, 91% are men.[2]

Cigarette Retail Price

In 2016, the regular price for a pack of Ara had increased to US$0.50 per pack, while the price of an overseas brand, such as Fine was at US$0.85 per pack.[3]

Tobacco Leaf Production

According to Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)[4] the information of tobacco leaf production in Cambodia in 2018 as presented in the table below;

Element Value
Area harvested7,526.00Im ha
Yield18,410.00FC hg/ha
Production13,856.00Im tonnes

FC: Calculated data
Im: FAO data based on imputation methodology 

Who Dominates the Market?

BAT Cambodia dominates cigarette market of Cambodia. The industry is possessed by a joint-venture group that comprises British American Tobacco (51%), SUTL Investments (20%), and Cambodia Tobacco Co. Ltd (29%). The other important players in the market are Imperial Tobacco and Viniton. Smaller, local manufacturers and traders in Cambodia, including Hong International Tobacco, West & East Cambodia, Broadway Synergy, Lyte Sokha, Mong Sreng Import Export Co., Rock International Tobacco, and Thai Boon Roong Group.[5]

Roadmap to Tobacco Control

Cambodia’s relatively relaxed approach to the regulation of the tobacco market changed in November 2005 when the country’s government ratified the WHO’s Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC). Moves following the ratification of the FCTC included further restrictions on promotion in 2015, the introduction of graphic on-pack warnings in 2016, and plans for public smoking bans that were announced in 2017.[6] 

Tobacco Control Legislation in Cambodia[7]

1994CO-MINISTERS IN CHARGE OF THE COUNCIL OF MINISTERS TO THE MINISTER OF HEALTH on the request for cigarette smoking ban in workplaces, meeting places, theaters, public transportation, and other urban areas
2000MINISTER OF EDUCATION, YOUTH AND SPORTS on Smoking ban in workplaces, academic establishments, meeting halls, and theaters
MINISTER OF CULT AND RELIGION on Implementation of the smoking ban in workplaces, establishments for Buddhism studies, meeting halls, gathering halls, pagodas, and theaters
2001MINISTER OF WOMEN’S AND VETERANS’ AFFAIRS on Enforcement of cigarette smoking ban in workplaces and meeting halls
2005CIRCULAR ON SMOKING BAN IN THE CAMPUSES OF MILITARY ENTITIES WITHIN THE ROYAL CAMBODIAN ARM FORCES. Royal Cambodia Arm Forces Circular on Smoking ban in the campuses of military entities within the Royal Cambodia Armed Forces.
2006SUB-DECREE ON MEASURES FOR THE BANNING OF SMOKING OR BLOWING THE SMOKE OF TOBACCO PRODUCTS AT WORKPLACES AND PUBLIC PLACES
Ministry of Industry, Mine and Energy, DIRECTIVE ON SMOKING BAN IN WORKPLACES AND MEETING HALLS
2007Ministry of Economy and Finance, DIRECTIVE ON SMOKING BAN IN WORKPLACES AND MEETING HALLS
Ministry of Environment, CIRCULAR ON SMOKING BAN IN WORKPLACES AND MEETING HALLS
2009SUB-DECREE ON PRINTING HEALTH WARNING ON CIGARETTE PACKAGES
Ministry of Interior, CIRCULAR ON SMOKE FREE PLACES
2010DIRECTIVE ON SMOKING BAN IN WORKPLACES
MINISTER OF AGRICULTURE, FORESTRY AND FISHERIES on Enforcement of smoking ban in workplaces, academic establishments and meeting halls
2011PRAKAS ON MEASURES FOR THE BANNING OF TOBACCO PRODUCT ADVERTISING
2012Circular on Smoking Ban at Workplaces and Within the Compound of Angkor temple sites, 2012
2014Circular On Measures to Prevent and Terminate Consumptions, Sales, and Imports of SHISHA and E-Cigarette in the Kingdom of Cambodia
2015

Prakas on Legal procedure for printing of Health Warning in Khmer Language and Pictorial on Tobacco Products Packages
Sub-Decree on Printing of Health Warning in Khmer Language and Pictorial on Tobacco Products Packages
Law on Tobacco Control signed by His Majesty Norodom Sihamoni, King of the Kingdom of Cambodia on 18th May, 2015. The purpose of this law is to protect public health and reducing impacts on health, economic, social and environment caused by tobacco products

  

[1] https://cmhcambodia.org/wp-content/uploads/2020/01/Investment-Case-for-Tobacco-Control-in-Cambodia.pdf
[2] Global Data, Cigarettes in Cambodia, 2019
[3] Ibid
[4] Tobacco Production Quantity by Country, FAO Data: Food and Agriculture Organization <http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?d=FAO&f=itemCode%3a826>
[5] Ibid
[6] Ibid
[7] https://seatca.org/resource-center-asean-tc-thailand/